Alex has spent a lifetime in the sewing industry and is considered one of the foremost experts of pioneering machines and their inventors. He has written extensively for trade magazines, radio, television, books and publications world wide.
Bradbury & Co Ltd
Bradbury & Co Limited claimed to be
George Francis Bradbury was born at the Hanging Gate Inn, 217 Huddersfield Road, Diggle, Saddleworth, Lancashire, in 1827.The Inn was run by his parents and his humble start in life would hardly predict his impressive future.
Bradbury Sewing Machines were fist established late in 1851 as general tool makers and jobbing engineers. They would make to order parts or build whole contraptions and as the business grew they took on mores staff and bigger orders. Sewing machines were a few years away but they did start to repair them and make replacement parts long before they actually started making complete sewing machines.
Originally the business was started by two brothers, Fred and Tom Sugden in partnership with Joseph Firth and George F Bradbury. By 1852 company articles were registered and the birth of the Bradbury partnership had begun.
An old advert for Bradbury Sewing Machines established in 1852. I really love the Bradbury bassinette or pram they are so plush, you would not get one of those on a bus though!
Sugden, Bradbury and Firth were jobbing engineers. They moved into wood planning machines and then iron planning machines. Soon they were making hand and slide lathes.
By 1853 Sugden Bradbury and Firth were undertaking a multitude of projects in there expanding workshops from general repairs to just about any machinery.
Before long they were involved in the specialised manufacture of gas regulators, copying presses, embossing machines, brick presses and much more. Also, if you turned up on their doorstep with one of the new fangled velocipedes, Sugden, Bradbury and Firth would repair it for you.
The more projects the company undertook the more their abilities grew and more space was needed.
The business was still jammed into the small foundry in Primrose Bank, Oldham, hardly a stones throw from George's dad's pub.
The premises was so cramped that the steam engine that drove the pulleys and belts for the various lathes and machine tools was outside the building so one of the lads had to keep going out to shovel fuel into it each time the pressure dropped and the belts inside slowed down.
But in 1854, needing larger premises, the business moved to Rhodes Bank Foundry in Oldham. However they were not called Bradbury Sewing Machines at that point, they were still Sugden, Bradbury and Firth.
Bradbury Sewing Machines did not actually Specialise in sewing machines for several years after their business was started up. However after the installation of a japanning plant, Sugden, Bradbury and Firth were ideally set up to start manufacturing sewing machines.
Sewing machines were flooding in from America, they were the new big thing besides bicycles.
It was not long before Sugden, Bradbury and Firth were making all sorts of things. As the company started to specialise in Bikes and sewing machines changes also took place to the structure of the company.
There is a rumour that the engineers got their first break into the sewing machine world because of a strike at Platt Brothers in nearby Oldham. A local business man, keen to capitalise on the new fangled sewing machines, was about to place an order with Platt Brothers but switched to the eager team of Sugden, Bradbury and Firth who were willing to go into manufacture.
However all partnerships come to an end and I can only guess that the partners wanted different things and to go in different directions, so common amongst expanding businesses.
The solution was a break up of Sugden, Bradbury and Firth around 1861.
Whatever the real reasons for starting to make complete sewing machines rather than just parts by 1864 the uniquely named Bradbury sewing machine came into existence.
By 1865 so many Bradbury machines were being ordered that bigger premises were once more needed.
By 1866 the birth of the Wellington Works Factory was taking place. A factory grew and grew eventually taking over a whole block of Oldham around the Wellington Street area.
From this point we see the real birth of Bradbury Sewing Machines as an individual company and Bradbury and Co formed in 1864 becoming Limited 10 years later in 1874.
Originally the company manufactured sewing machines under licence from Wheeler & Wilson, Singer, Howe and Grover & Baker. Look at any early models from these makers and you will see very similar Bradbury machines.
The Wheeler & Wilson or rather the Bradbury Belgravia was marketed as silent, the simplest, cheapest and best machine for the family only £7. 7 shillings in 1865. The Howe principle machines were sold for less at only £7. Several months wages in 1870!
In 1875 the Duke of Wellington was placed on Bradbury Sewing Machines which became the company trade mark for decades.
"The Iron Duke was
Bradbury high-arm Sewing Machine circa 1920 one of the last Bradbury Sewing Machines.
Bradbury Sewing Machines advertised themselves as Europe's oldest sewing machine manufacturer established just a year after Isaac Singer's 1851 model.
This was not strictly true as the business did not start making sewing machines until later and they were not really Bradbury & Co specialising in Sewing Machines until after 1864 but who's complaining.
Husqvarna Sewing Machines were in business long before Bradbury but, like them, did not turn their attention to sewing machines until after 1852.
Bradbury sewing machines were top quality machines and won many awards. I have slowly been constructing a list and so far I have come up with these awards. However I believe there are at least 30 medals an honours.
Bradbury exhibition medals
Paris again 1875
Paris again in 1878 and 1879
Adelaide, Australia 1881
Perth, Australia 1881
Although Bradbury were one of the first sewing machine businesses in the country by 1920's they were being undercut by loads of competitors and the crash of 1929 was looming fast.
Bradbury's final sewing machine was the Bradbury VS or Vibrating Shuttle sewing machine.
The Bradbury machines became famous for their reliability and endurance and won over 30 gold medals at exhibitions all around the world plus loads of silver and bronze.
Bradbury Sewing Machine, The Wellington sewing machine.
The huge Wellington Works in
Bradbury Sewing Machines also sold machines to other dealers who, if they bought enough, could have their own name on the machine and market them as their own product.
This changed a bit with the Trade Description Act of the 1890's. Before this period there were fewer laws to protect the consumer.
The last Bradbury machines were well made as sewed a treat but like this Vibrating Shuttle model they were boring to look at.
The early Bradbury sewing machines were hand built and were made up of individually numbered pieces that were uniquely made and finished for each machine, they would fit no other.
All Bradbury sewing machines are collected today and represent superb British engineering.
Bradbury were also pioneers in British motorcycles
Firmly established by 1852, Bradbury Sewing Machines produced sewing machines right up until its collapse in 1924 then stumbled on before finally disappearing just before the great Wall Street Crash of 1929.
As well as sewing machines, Bradbury produced endless other items from prams, bicycles and later even motorcycles. In fact they were also one of the pioneers of the British motorcycle industry.
Today only a plaque marks the spot in Oldham where once the air was turned black with their enormous manufacturing.
The Bradbury Rotary Shuttle sewing machine of 1888.
The Bradbury rotary shuttle machine of 1888 was a superb piece of engineering and many factories ran on these type of machines. As you can see above the Bradbury Rotary Shuttle sewing machine looks amazingly modern compared to other machines of the period. It also used a rotary hook assembly probably a Wheeler & Wilson design but as the copyrights had long since run out they were able to use the best ideas available to bring to the market a fabulous sewing machine.
Well that's it, I do hope you enjoyed my work. I spend hours accumulating, researching and writing these pages and I love to hear from people so drop me a line and let me know what you thought: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fancy a good read: Ena Wilf & The One-Armed Machinist
A brilliant slice of 1940's life: Spies & Spitfires
Hi there Alex,
Thank you so much for your truly amazing web site. I have learnt so much about vintage and antique sewing machines from you.
Having read, your very interesting article on the ( Bradbury sewing machine ),which brought back many happy and fond memories of my late grandmother who bought a Bradbury sewing machine, which she cherished for many years and used it regularly making clothes as each child came along, as well as for other members of her family.
After she passed away, my mother then inherited it and she too used it for many years, but slowly and gradually the machine was getting past its best, and so my father decided to convert it into a fret work machine!
After all this time I cannot remember what finally happened to it, but your article brought back very many happy memories of my grand mother who had immense pleasure sitting and working with the Bradbury all those years ago.
Mrs D. Ashton..
Just finished reading your marvelous website! (well not all of it!) I just loved it, and have bookmarked to read more. Thank you so much for making it!
Thank you so much and once again, I just loooooooved reading all information on your website.